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Socionical approach in studding of nations


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Socionical approach in studding of nations



Ethnosocionics consider nations as psychoinformatoin systems (integral
persons), of which the Jung’s persons’ typology is true.





Volodymyr Scherbyna, Russia





It is not new idea to consider ethnos as integral person (collective
subject). This idea was advanced and was substantiated in the works of
Wilhelm von Humboldt, Nikolay Berdyayev, Nykolay Lossky, etc. In
particular Carl Jung wrote that “people’s psyche is only more compound
structure than person’s psyche”. It is logically to consider this
integral person to be reasonable, i. e. this integral person has
consciousness, memory, action logic, emotions. Ethnosocionics considers
ethnos as psychoinformation system, of which the persons’ typology is
also true. In each ethnos there are persons of different psychological
types. In spite of this the ethnos is the macroorganism of the certain
psychological type. Just this often to be named as “national character”.
So this science studies ethnoses’ psychological types, features of their
behaviour, mutual relations with other nations, etc.

Ethnosocionics is one of the directions of socionics, a young science,
which was born on the boundary between psychology, sociology and
information science. Socionics is based on the Jung's typology and
Augustinavichjute's Intertypes' Relations Theory. It is considering
persons as bearers of the certain types of information metabolism, which
are developing and interacting on the base of objective laws.

Each person is being examined over 4 main pairs of signs (coordinates):
logical ethical (emotional), sensorical intuitional, rational
irrational, extravert introvert. While studding the concrete person one
can determine the mentality type, this person inclined to: logical or
emotional, concrete or abstract etc. Having determined each of 4 pairs
of signs one determines the one of 16 sociotypes the person under
determination belongs to.



Let us remind their names:



- Intuitive-logical extravert (ILE, ENTP*)

- Sensoro- ethical introvert (SEI, ISFP)

- Ethico- sensorical extravert (ESE, ESFJ)

- Logico- intuitive introvert (LII, INTJ)

- Ethico- intuitive extravert (EIE, ENFJ)

- Logico- sensorical introvert (LSI, ISTJ)

- Sensoro- logical extravert (SLE, ESTP)

- Intuitive- ethical introvert (IEI, INFP)

- Logico-intuitive extravert (LIE, ENTJ)

- Ethico- sensorical introvert (ESI, ISFJ)

- Sensoro- ethical extravert (SEE, ESFP)

- Intuitive- logical introvert (ILI, INTP)

- Intuitive-ethical extravert (IEE, ENFP)

- Sensoro- logical introvert (SLI, ISTP)

- Logico-sensorical extravert (LSE, ESTJ)

- Ethico- intuitive introvert (EII, INFL)



Socionics considers person as information system, the bearer of the
certain type of information metabolism. The body of person lives
exchanging substance and energy with the outer world. And the psyche
part of the person lives sharing information with the outer world. All
information, which person receives from the outside (the information

n receives from the outside (the information
about outer world) and from the inside (the information about
psychophysical state of person), is the common information stream.

Each person can make out some aspects of information stream better then
other ones. Psychological function is the ability of person to make out
one aspect of information stream. Socionics descries 8 aspects of
information stream and 8 psychological functions accordingly. These
functions have graphical conventional signs, names and “duties”:



______________________________



*) In the SOCIONICS psychological (socionical) types have 3-letters
conventional signs, and in the western literature — 4-letters ones.



abilities’ intuitionthe knock of human abilities’ feeling; sensing of
development’s perspectives; integral perception of the world, feeling of
its unity, interdependency, reiteration on different levels of world’s
hierarchy; understanding of the very essence of subjects and
processes.time’s intuitionthe understanding of contradictions in outer
world and in human psyche; the understanding of opposites, which
separate people and events; feeling of danger; aptitude for seeing
vainnessvolitional sensoricsaptitude for controlling of outer
spaciousness; ability for putting pressure on others and to stand up to
anyone’s pressure; understanding of enemy’s force and enforce; power;
will to win; authority of powersensation sensoricscapacity for body’s
necessities satisfaction, sensation of own body; beauty, design, turning
towards the high inner quality; cosiness and comfortdynamic
logicreasonable acting logic; technology, process, method, procedure,
rule, algorithm, conveyor, cause and effect, enterprisestatic
logicaptitude for systematizing knowledge and phenomena; deep
understanding of logical correlation between objects; facts’ system,
hierarchy, classification, statistics, register and verification,
machineryemotions’ ethicscapacity for feeling persons’ emotional state,
for its controlling; ability for inspiring people with joy, enthusiasm
or fear, horror, anxiety, panic.relations’ ethicsworld’s perception
through people’s relations; the ability for adjusting needing relations;
sense of duty; tolerance, love, kindness, charity, humanity



It is established that each sociotype has his own number of the
“strong” and “weak” psychological functions. On this base the person’s
psyche functioning model (sociomodel) is made. The socionical model
helps to understand how to use person’s “strong” features and to defend
“weak” ones; it also helps to understand mechanism of mutual relation
between people. Intertypes’ Relations Law is based on the understanding
of sociomodel’s functioning. This Law defines features of the
information exchange and mutual relations between sociotypes.





So ethnosocionics uses socionical laws and methods and studies:

- socionical types of ethnoses and nations (“national characters”);

- their history, relations with neighbours and other nations;

ns;

- nation’s construction and national-state construction;

- national leaders; their accordance with the epoch and with the
national sociotype;

- national elite’s construction; its accordance with the nation.



The knowledge of nation’s sociotype offers to approach scientifically
to strategic planning of state’s development (like the knowledge of
person’s sociotype helps in profession choosing)



As the example, let us consider briefly how to determine one pair of
main signs: logical (pragmatic) or ethical (emotional) the nation under
examination is?



Some features of logical (pragmatic) nations:

1. main criteria in this societies are: logical-unlogical,
correct-uncorrect, cleverly-foolishly, advantageous-disadvantageous,
economical-uneconomical etc. Actions of other nations, states and
persons are estimated from the point of view of logic, reason, activity
and not of the emotion maintenance (kindness, sympathy, responsiveness
etc.)

2. They try to solve their problems by themselves, with the help of
their own abilities. As a rule they don’t ask somebody and don’t
persuade somebody. They prove their rightness by deeds and unanswerable
arguments.

3. Their promises are more reliable. Their care of truth stirs up the
real esteem: it is not the declaration but really truth; it is not the
formal replay but really law, this society lives under.

4. Fashion and many other human society’s dynamic attributes are
changing more slowly in these nations than in emotional ones. One of the
cause is the pragmatic advantage to be one of the paramount values of
such nations.

5. Constructive logic in these nations restrains influence of social
myths. New myths are being born because of the shortage of needing
information. But the existence of the new social myth in these nations
is short and expedient.



Some features of ethical (emotional) nations:

1. Pragmatism is not strong virtue of such nations. Main criteria in
these societies are: well-bad, human-unhuman, honestly-dishonestly, will
be offended - will not be offended etc.

2. Truth and untruth have relative character, not absolute one: it is
seemed to be good all, that is pleasant for people (sometimes even if it
is not truth). By this reason laws have less rigid functions in these
nations.

3. These nations are more spontaneous while contact with other
societies and cultures. Their ethics is creative, initiative and primary
before logic.

4. There are many impulsive and unreasoned in these nations. Forces of
pragmatic and scientific constructing are not enough developed. Utter
emotions don’t afraid people in these nations. It is seemed often that
people seek them intentionally.

5. The influence of social myth is stronger in these nations than in
logical ones. Myth can interprets each event. Often political leader
wins elections because of people’s sympathy and not because of his
program.



While using this approach we can determine as logical next nations:
Americans, Canadians, Danes, English, Germans, Japanese, Jews,

s, Danes, English, Germans, Japanese, Jews,
Lithuanians, Scots etc. We can determine as ethical next nations:
Austrians, Belorussians, French, Greeks, Hungarians, Poles, Russians,
Ukrainians etc.

The similar approach is used while defining other pairs of signs.
Psychological features of nations are expressed in language, literature,
art, religion, science, mythology, nation-state construction and other
sides of social life.

While studding these expressions one can draw a conclusion about the
mentality type, the nation inclined to, prognose probable trend of
development and mutual relations with other nations.


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